The Sveta ABC of CBD

CBD, full spectrum and terpenes – what do all these terms really mean? We’ve summarized the most important words around the hemp plant. Here’s out ABC of CBD just 4U.


AC drop

This is ARGE CANNA’s seal of approval for CBD products. It marks products made from cannabis that are suitable for health-oriented use because they have been independently tested for quality and are free of harmful substances by the ARGE CANNA association using laboratory diagnostics. The seal is a reliable indicator for maintaining product quality in the unmanageable, uncontrolled market of “CBD oils”, “cannabis drops” and “hemp flowers”.


Anandamide is an endocannabinoid that can be detected in large quantities in the central nervous system. In addition to the central nervous system in vertebrates, the substance was also detected in cocoa and chocolate. The effects of anandamide are similar to those of THC. Depending on the effect investigated, the effect is 4 to 20 times less than that of THC.


Studies have shown that CBD can be effective against anxiety and depression without affecting sleep


A study has found that CBD can be a promising treatment option for behavioral problems in children with autism.



Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a main active ingredient of the female hemp plant in its pure form. It is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is used and tested in the medical field.


Cannabigerol, or CBG for short, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. Scientific studies show a sleep-promoting, antimicrobial effect.


Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that are found in the hemp plant. This includes CBD and THC, but also CBC or CBG. They are processed in our body via the endocannabinoid system.

Cannabinoid receptors

Cannabinoid receptors are binding sites for cannabinoids on nerve cells of the CNS and other cell types. They are part of the endogenous cannabinoid system (ECS).


Cannabinol, or CBN for short, is a representative of the naturally occurring cannabinoids. It is not psychoactive and binds very weakly to the CB-1 receptor.


Cannabis or hemp describes a useful and ornamental plant, mostly it means the “real hemp” – or more precisely: Cannabis sativa. This falls into the family of the hemp plants and order of the rose-like ones. Cannabis has been used for 8,000 years. While the fibers of the hemp plant have established themselves as raw materials in the textile and construction industries, the oil and seeds can be used as food, medicine or intoxicants.

Cannabis oil

First of all, it should be clarified that cannabis oil is and CBD oil are not the same. The term actually describes a cannabis extract, i.e. an extract from cannabis. All cannabinoids in the hemp plant are contained in actual cannabis oil. The oil thus automatically contains THC and is subject to the Narcotics Act in Austria.


Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene that is found in many plants such as cloves or black pepper. It has a very rich, spicy smell. β-Caryophyllene-Caryophyllene is known to have antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor and anti-inflammatory effects. It acts on the cannabinoid receptor 2. It also occurs in our flowers. The boiling point is 176° C.

CBD isolate

CBD isolate is the pure, isolated cannabidiol or CBD. The cannabinoid is obtained as an isolate from the hemp plant or produced in the laboratory. In contrast to full-spectrum CBD oil, other ingredients – including vitamins, essential fatty acids, terpenes or cannabinoid acids – are no longer contained.

CBD oil

CBD oil is the hemp extract dissolved in oil and high in CBD. It is used in the health sector for depression, sleep disorders or chronic pain.


Studies have shown that CBD can be effective against anxiety and depression without affecting sleep.



Endocannabinoids are cannabis-like substances that are produced by the body itself. They are part of the endogenous cannabinoid system (endocannabinoid system)

Endocannabinoid system

The endocannabinoid system is part of the human nervous system that includes cannabinoid receptors. These enable cannabinoids – chemical compounds such as CBD and THC – to release so-called neurotransmitters, chemical messengers, in our body.

Entourage effect

In 2011, American doctor and scientist Dr. Ethan Russo from the University of Massachusetts wrote a comprehensive report on the synergies of terpenes and phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids), which are the two elementary components of the medicinal hemp plant. It shows that the interaction of cannabinoids and terpenes can strengthen or influence the general effect on the human organism.


A large number of very diverse epileptic diseases respond well to CBD. The study situation currently relates only to a few types of   epilepsy. So far, it has not been possible to deduce whether CBD can also be applied to the many other forms. Successful individual cases and  initial studies sspeak are in favor of this.



The cannabis flower is the infructescence of the female cannabis plant.

Full spectrum

Full spectrum means that other cannabinoids, which naturally occur in the hemp plant, such as CBDa or CBC, are also included in the product. This means that – unlike isolate – valuable vitamins remain in the full spectrum.



See cannabis.

Hemp oil

Hemp oil is an edible oil that is produced entirely without cannabinoids and from the seeds of commercial hemp. Thanks to omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, it is ideal as a salad oil, but has no medicinal effects.


Humulen is a sesquiterpene and naturally occurs in e.g. hops, cinnamon, oregano and basil. It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and appetite-inhibiting properties. In Chinese medicine, humulene has long been used successfully against inflammation. Humulen acts on the CB1 and CB2 receptors and has no intoxicating effects. Its boiling point is 198° C.



Isolate is a substance isolated from a spectrum of substances. In CBD isolate, the pure CBD is separated from a large number of other cannabinoids in hemp. The boiling point is 198° C.


Limonene is a monoterpene and provides the wonderful citrus aroma. It occurs in the citrus peel, in rosemary, in mint and in cannabis. Lime is said to have an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer effect. The boiling point is 176° C.


The aroma of this monoterpene is floral, sometimes it is also described as lavender-like. Its anxiolytic and calming effect helps with insomnia. The boiling point is 198° C.


Italian scientists working with Dr. Maria Nicolodi conducted a study and discovered that medicinal hemp can be used to prevent and treat migraines. CBD as well as THC have therapeutic benefits in the treatment of headaches and migraines.


Monoterpenes consist of two isoprene chains, each with five carbon molecules. The monoterpenes limonene, myrcene, pinene, terpineol and linalool are found in the cannabis plant.


Myrcene is a monoterpene. In addition to cannabis, it can also be found in fresh mangoes, hops, bay leaves, eucalyptus or lemon grass. It is also found in large quantities in our flowers and oils. The boiling point is 168° C.



Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids found in plants. They are structurally similar to endocannabinoids. Both phyto and endocannabinoids activate the cannabinoid receptors. Phytocannabinoids are mainly found in the hemp plant. Recent studies have shown that other plants also produce phytocannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system was only discovered when the phytocannabinoids were researched.


Pinene is a monoterpene. Its fragrance is contained in rosemary, eucalyptus and sage as well as pine and tree resin. It is used in many remedies for coughs and works against germs. The boiling point is 155° C.



Sesquiterpenes are composed of three isoprene chains and therefore have 15 carbon molecules. For example, caryophylls and humules are two of the sequiterpenes found in cannabis.
wei der Sequiterpene, die in Cannabis vorkommen.

Sleep problems

According to studies CBD can help improve sleep.


In relation to cannabis, strains describe the different variations under the Cannabis sativa genus. In scientific terms, these are chemotypes (sometimes called chemovars), a chemically different unit in a plant genus with differences in the composition of the secondary metabolites.



Terpenes are chemical compounds that naturally occur in organisms as secondary ingredients. In hemp, they provide the plant’s fragrance as flavors and aromas.


THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is a psychoactive substance that occurs naturally in hemp and is one of the cannabinoids. In Austria, it falls under the Narcotics Act.


Trichomes are structures on the surfaces of plants that vary in size, shape and density and perform different functions. In cannabis, the trichomes are responsible, among other things, for resin production. Trichomes have a long stem, with a cap on the end of the stem. When enlarged, they look a little like mushrooms.


Triterpenes have 30 carbon molecules and are mainly found in the roots, fibers and seeds of cannabis. The production of the terpenes is stimulated by light.



Our flowers are untreated, a real natural product.